Bipartisan Infrastructure Law
The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is a $1.2 trillion infrastructure package that was passed by the US Congress and signed into law in November 2021. The package includes several sections that are focused on promoting clean energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, including provisions related to electric vehicle charging, port electrification, clean school buses, and battery supply chain grants. The following is a summary of the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law as it pertains to federal programs, initiatives, grants, and loans available for electric vehicle charging infrastructure, vehicle fleet electrification.
EV Charging Infrastructure ($7.5 billion)
Authorizes $2.5 billion over five years to establish a grant program at DOT for Alternative Fuel Corridors. The program is designed to deploy publicly accessible alternative fuel vehicle charging infrastructure along designated alternative fuel corridors or in certain other locations.
To complement the $2.5 billion for the Charging and Refueling Grant program, the legislation appropriates $1 billion per year for five years ($5 billion total) to establish a National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program at DOT to provide additional funding to states to deploy EV charging infrastructure. Charging stations must be located along a designated Alternative Fuel Corridor.
Clean School Bus Program ($2.5 billion)
Appropriates $1 billion per year for five years to implement a school bus change out program at the EPA to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improve air quality. Funds are for zero-emission and low-emission alternative fuels buses.
Reduction of truck emissions at ports ($5 billion)
$5 billion will be provided to support the electrification of ports and other freight facilities, which will help reduce emissions from shipping and other transportation activities.
Electric or Low-Emitting Ferry Pilot Program ($2.5 billion)
Appropriates $2.5 billion over five years forlow-emission ferries and rural ferry systems grant program.
Airports ($25 billion)
$25 billion for airport repairs and efforts to reduce congestion and emissions. That includes encouraging the use of electric and other low-carbon technologies. It would also invest $17 billion in port infrastructure.
Power grid upgrades ($73 billion)
$73 billion for power grid upgrades, including building thousands of miles of new transmission lines for renewable energy, energy storage, and research for new technologies like nuclear reactors and carbon capture.
Battery Materials Processing and Recycling Grants ($3.1 billion)
Portfolio of 21 project grants supports new, retrofitted, and expanded commercial-scale domestic facilities to produce battery materials, processing, and battery recycling and manufacturing.