⚡ EV Mine Directory


EV Lithium, Nickel, Cobalt Mines


A comprehensive up-to-date list of all the major mines for extracting lithium, nickel, and cobalt for making electric vehicle batteries around the world. These three elements are the most critical for EV batteries. An average Tesla S battery contains 63kg of lithium carbonate Li2CO3 (of which 12kg is pure lithium), 50kg (80% of cathode) of nickel, and 7.5kg (15% of cathode). Other metals include aluminum and managanese in lesser amounts.

kt = thousand tons
Mt = million tons

Largest lithium (Li) mines

Mine Output Country
Greenbushes Lithium 86.4 Mt AU
Wodgina Lithium 151.94 Mt AU
Pilgangoora Lithium-Tantalum 108.2 Mt AU
Earl Grey Lithium 94.2 Mt AU
Altura Pilgangoora Lithium 34.2 Mt AU
Whabouchi Lithium 36.6 Mt Canada
Goulamina Lithium 31.2 Mt Mali
Sonora Lithium 243.8 Mt Mexico
Thacker Pass Lithium 179.4 Mt USA
Arcadia Lithium 26.9 Mt Zimbabwe



Largest nickel (Ni) mines

Mine Output Country
BHP Billiton 70 kt Australia
Vale 243 kt Brazil
Glencore 130 kt Canada
Tsingshan Group 330 kt China
Jinchuan 180 kt China
Shandong Xinhai 400 kt China
Delong 1 Mt Indonesia
Sumitomo Metal 32 kt Japan
Nornickel 245 kt Russia



Largest Cobalt (Co) mines

Mine Output Country
Escondida 1,400 kt Chile
Collahuasi 570 kt Chile
Chuquicamata 390 kt Chile
El Teniente 422 kt Chile
Buenavista del Cobre 525 kt Mexico
Las Bambas 430 kt Peru
Antamina 450 kt Peru
Cerro Verde II 500 kt Peru
Norilsk/Talnakh Mills 450 kt Russia
Morenci 520 kt U.S.
Bingham Canyon 280 kt U.S.



Largest copper (Cu) mines

There are about 180 lbs of copper in an EV car, which is mainly used in motor windings, HV cables, battery interconnects, and the wiring harness.

Mine Output Country
Escondida 32 Mt Chile
Los Bronces 11.13 Mt Chile
Radomiro Tomic 12.1 Mt Chile
El Teniente 15.2 Mt Chile
Andina 18.8 Mt Chile
Collahuasi 25.895 Mt Chile
Grasberg 10.47 Mt Indonesia
Cananea 26.874 Mt Mexico
Toquepala 17.65 Mt Peru
Cerro Verde 12.9 Mt Peru