⚡ EV Mine Directory

EV Lithium, Nickel, Cobalt, Graphite Mines

An up-to-date list of all the major mines for extracting lithium, nickel, cobalt, manganese, and graphite for making electric vehicle batteries. These minerals and metals are the most critical materials used in making EV batteries. Once the materials are mined, they are sent to battery material refineries for further processing to make battery-grade (BG) materials used to make cathodes and anodes.

For reference, an average Tesla S battery cathode contains 63kg of lithium hydroxide Li2CO3, 50kg (80% of the cathode) of nickel, and 7.5kg of cobalt (15% of the cathode). Other cathode metals include aluminum and managanese in lesser amounts. Anodes are made from graphite (carbon), of which there is 70kg-100kg on average.

EV Raw Material Mines in the U.S.

The reshoring and building of a domestic EV lithium battery supply chain is in full swing in the U.S., with a bevy of new lithium, nickel, and cobalt mines coming online by 2025. List is sorted by material.

Mine Parent Location Element Opening
Idaho Cobalt Jervois Global ID cobalt open
Madison Mine US Strategic Metals MO cobalt open
North-Met Glencore MN cobalt TBA
Stillwater West Stillwater Critical Minerals MT cobalt TBA
Bingham Canyon UT copper open
Morenci AZ copper open
Bama Mine Westwater Resources AL graphite TBA
Coosa Graphite Westwater Resources AL graphite 2028
Graphite Creek Graphite One AK graphite TBA
Arkansas Smackover Lithium Standard Lithium AR lithium TBA
Berkshire Hathaway Berkshire Hathaway CA lithium TBA
Big Sandy Lithium Hawkstone AZ lithium 2025
Boron Plant Rio Tinto CA lithium TBA
Bristol Lake Standard Lithium CA lithium TBA
Carolina Lithium Piedmont Lithium NC lithium TBA
Clayton Valley Lithium Cypress Development NV lithium TBA
Compass Minerals Lithium Compass Minerals UT lithium 2025
Hell's Kitchen Controlled Thermal Resources CA lithium 2024
Kings Mountain Mine Albemarle NC lithium TBA
McDermitt Project Jindalee Resources OR lithium TBA
NeoLith Energy Schlumberger NV lithium TBA
Project ATLIS EnergySource Minerals CA lithium 2024
Rhyolite Ridge Ioneer NV lithium 2025
Silver Peak Mine Albemarle NV lithium open
Thacker Pass Lithium Lithium Americas NV lithium 2023
Zeus Lithium Noram Lithium NV lithium TBA
Hermosa Project South32 AZ manganese 2027
Eagle Mine Lundin Mining MI nickel open
Madison Mine US Strategic Metals MO nickel TBA
North-Met Glencore MN nickel TBA
Stillwater West Stillwater Critical Minerals MT nickel TBA
Tamarack Nickel Talon Metals MN nickel 2025

Largest EV battery material mines worldwide

These are the largest operational mines for extracting lithium, nickel, cobalt, and copper in the world.

kt = thousand tons
Mt = million tons

Largest lithium (Li) mines

Mine Output Country
Wodgina Lithium AU
Pilgangoora Lithium-Tantalum AU
Earl Grey Lithium AU
Greenbushes Lithium AU
Altura Pilgangoora Lithium AU
Whabouchi Lithium Canada
Goulamina Lithium Mali
Sonora Lithium Mexico
Arcadia Lithium Zimbabwe

Largest nickel (Ni) mines

Mine Output Country
BHP Billiton Australia
Vale Brazil
Glencore Canada
Tsingshan Group China
Jinchuan China
Shandong Xinhai China
Delong Indonesia
Sumitomo Metal Japan
Nornickel Russia

Largest Cobalt (Co) mines

Mine Output Country
Escondida Chile
Collahuasi Chile
El Teniente Chile
Chuquicamata Chile
Buenavista del Cobre Mexico
Cerro Verde II Peru
Antamina Peru
Las Bambas Peru
Norilsk/Talnakh Mills Russia

Largest copper (Cu) mines

There are about 180 lbs of copper in an EV car, which is mainly used in motor windings, HV cables, battery interconnects, and the wiring harness.

Mine Output Country
Escondida Chile
Collahuasi Chile
Andina Chile
El Teniente Chile
Radomiro Tomic Chile
Los Bronces Chile
Grasberg Indonesia
Cananea Mexico
Toquepala Peru
Cerro Verde Peru
Morenci US
Bingham Canyon US