⚡ Gigafactory Directory

Battery Gigafactories

An up-to-date list of all lithium battery gigafactories in the U.S. and the major ones worldwide. The average gigafactory consumes 2.4 GW of electricity and 1 million gallons of water daily.

Battery factories assemble the individual battery cells into a functioning battery pack with a battery management system (BMS) and thermal management system (TMS) and enclosure. Some battery pack factories also produce cells onsite, often in a joint partnership with a cell manufacturer (like Panasonic for example).

Battery factories in the U.S.

The reshoring and building of a domestic lithium battery supply chain is in full swing in the U.S., with a bevy of new battery pack manufacturing plants and factories for powering electric vehicles coming online by 2025.

The states with the most such factories include Michigan, Tennessee, South Carolina, and Georgia, which are known as the "Battery Belt".

Battery Factory Location Output
AA Portable Power Richmond, CA
AKASOL Hazel Park, MI 400 MWh/yr
Alion Science and Technology Crane , IN
AllCell Technology Broadview, IL
Altair Nanotechnologies Anderson, IN
American Battery Factory American Fork, UT 12 GWh/yr
American Battery Solutions Springboro, OH 2 MWh
American Lithium Energy Carlsbad, CA
Auto Motive Power Santa Fe Springs, CA
Battery Specialties Costa Mesa, CA
Blue Line Battery Beloit, WI
BMW Spartanburg Plant Greer, SC 22,500 units/yr
BorgWarner-Romeo Power Vernon, CA
Braille Battery Sarasota, FL
Cell-Con Bedford, PA
Clarios Holland, MI
Conamix Ithaca, NY    
Coreshell Technologies San Leandro, CA    
Cuberg Emeryville, CA
Custom Power Fountain Valley, CA
Dantona Industries Wantagh, NY
EaglePicher Technologies Joplin, MO
Electric Power Systems North Logan, UT
Electrochem Solutions Raynham, MA
EnerSys Spokane Valley, WA
EnerSys Suwanee, GA
Enovate Medical Murfreesboro, TN
eNow Warwick, RI
EnPower Indianapolis, IN 1 GWh/yr
Envia Systems Newark, CA 400 Wh/kg
Envision AESC Bowling Green Plant Bowling Green, KY 30 GWh/yr
Envision AESC Smyrna Plant Smyrna, TN
Exponential Power Carol Stream, IL
Exponential Power Fort Wayne, IN
Exponential Power Rockwell, TX
Factorial Woborn, MA
Flexodes Sugar Land, TX    
Flux Power Vista, CA
Ford Rawsonville Plant Ypsilanti, MI
Ford-SK BlueOval Glendale, KY 86 GWh/yr
Ford-SK BlueOval City Stanton, TN 43 GWh/yr
General Motors Brownstown Battery Brownstown Charter Twp, MI
GM-LG Ultium Cells Lansing, MI
GM-LG Ultium Cells Spring Hill, TN
GM-LG Ultium Cells Warren, OH
GS Yuasa Lithium Power Roswell, GA
Highpower International Montain View, CA 850 Wh/yr
Honda Brownstone Battery Brownstone Township, MI
Hyundai-SK Commerce, GA
Inventus Power Woodridge Facility Woodridge, IL
Kore Power Buckeye, AZ 12 GWh/yr
LG Energy Holland, MI 5 GWh/yr
LG Energy Queen Creek, AZ 11 GWh/yr
Lithion Battery Henderson, NV
Lithion Battery North Billerica, MA
Lithion Battery Round Rock, TX
LytEn San Jose, CA
Magnis Endicott, NY 32 GWh/yr
Mercedes Battery Plant Woodstock, AL
Microvast Clarksville, TN 2 GWh
Navitas Systems Ann Arbor, MI
Octillion Power Systems Richmond, CA 4 GWh/yr
Our Next Energy Torrance, CA
Polyplus Battery Berkeley, CA 2,000 L/Yr
ProTechnologies Pilot Mountain, NC
Proterra City of Industry, CA
Proterra City of Industry, CA
Proterra Greenville, NC
Rivian Atlanta, GA 50 GWh/yr
Saft America Valdese, NC
Saft America Valdosta, GA
Samsung SDI Auburn Hills, MI
Simpliphi Power Oxnard, CA
Soelect, Inc. Greensboro, NC 1 GWh/yr
Sparkz Inc. Livermore, CA 1 GWh/yr
StateVolt Imperial Valley, CA
Statevolt Los Angeles, CA 54 GWh/yr
Stellantis-Samsung Kokomo Plant Kokomo, IN 23 GWh/yr
Tenergy Corp Fremont, CA
Tesla Gigafactory Texas Austin, TX 100 GWh/yr
Tesla Giga New York Buffalo, NY 2 GWh
Tesla Gigafactory 1 Sparks, NV 20 GWh
TNR Technical Sanford, FL
Toyota Liberty, NC
Trojan Battery Santa Fe Springs, CA
Wabtec Pittsburgh, PA
Xalt Energy Midland, MI 600 MWh/yr
Yotta Energy Austin, TX
Zakuro Ann Arbor, MI
Zeus Battery Products Boomingdale, IL
Zinc8 Energy Ulster County, NY

Battery factories worldwide

Here are some of the major EV battery factories worldwide, excluding China, which has the lion's share of battery factories.

Factory/Gigafactory Location Output
Blue Energy Japan
Blue Solutions Canada Boucherville QC Canada
Britishvolt Quebec QC Canada 60 GWh/yr
CATL Arnstadt Thuringia Germany
EaglePicher Technologies Surrey BC Canada
LG Energy Wroclaw Poland
LG Energy South Korea
Lion Electric Quebec QC Canada 5 GWh/yr
Samsung SDI God Hungary
Samsung SDI Indonesia
Stellantis-LG Windsor Gigafactory Windsor ON Canada 45 GWh/yr
Stryten Energy Ottowa Plant Ottawa ON Canada
Toshiba 1 Kashiwazaki Niigata Japan
Toshiba 2 Yokohama Kanagawa prefecture Japan
UgoWork Quebec QC Canada