EV Charging Networks
While it's true that the availability of electric vehicle charging stations is growing, there are still challenges for EV owners who want to take road trips or travel longer distances. The vast majority of charging stations in the US are Level 2, which can take several hours to fully charge an EV. However, there are more companies investing in Level 3 DC fast charging (DCFC) stations, which can charge an EV to 80% in as little as 30 minutes.
The largest network of Level 3 fast charging stations in the US is the Tesla Supercharger network, which has over 20,000 charging connectors at over 2,000 stations in the US. This network was exclusive to Tesla vehicles, but now owners of other EV brands can charge their vehicles (including electric motorcycles) on the Tesla network.
The second largest Level 3 fast charger network is Electrify America, which has almost 1,000 charging stations with more than 3,800 fast charge ports across the US. EVgo and ChargePoint round out third and fourth respectively for number of DCFC ports in the US.
Tesla Supercharger Network (U.S.)
Tesla leads the pack for the most Level 3 fast-charging stations with over 2,000 locations in the U.S.
All Charging Networks
The major players in the EV charging network space.
L2 stations = Level 2 charging station locations
L3 stations = Level 3 (DCFC) charging station locations
L2 ports = total Level 2 charging ports
L3 ports = total Level 3 charging ports
|Network||L2 stations||L2 ports||L3 stations||L3 ports|
While the availability of Level 3 fast charging stations is improving, there are some gaps, particularly in rural and remote areas. This can make long-distance travel more challenging, especially if you need to detour to find a charging station. However, the situation is improving as more companies invest in charging infrastructure, and all US states are offering incentives to encourage the development of more charging stations.
In addition to public charging stations, many EV owners install Level 2 charging stations at home, which allows them to fully charge their vehicle overnight. Many employers and hotels also offer Level 2 charging stations (aka destination charging), which can be convenient for EV owners who need to charge their vehicle while they're at work or staying at a hotel.